Scientific Name : Hydrochoerus Hydrochaeris Size : 140-145 cm Average Life Expectancy : 8-10 years


The world's biggest rodent, which also made it into the Guinness Book of World Records, lives in South America and stands out due to its hairy structure. Capybaras are able to live on the land and in the water and are mostly seen in thick forests near watery areas such as lakes, rivers and swamps. Capybaras are very social and generally live in pairs.

An adult capybara is averagely between 100 and 140 cm long and weighs 30 to 70 kilograms. (The heaviest recorded female is 91 kg, and the heaviest recorded male 73.5 kg.) The females are generally a bit heavier than the males. Capybaras are herbivorous creatures and mostly eat sea plants, fruit and tree barks.

These hairy rodents have the ability to move relatively fast in the water and on land. They are very good swimmers. Capybaras are able to stay under water for up to five minutes and even can sleep in the water with only their nose sticking out. On land the capybaras are almost able to run as fast as a horse but they prefer to dive underwater to escape from predators such as jaguars and anacondas. Their average life expectancy is 8-10 years.

Where can it be seen?

You can visit the capybaras in the Amazon Rain Forest Area of Istanbul Akvaryum.

Did you know?

  • These adorable creatures entered the Guinness Book of World Records as the world's biggest rodent.
  • They make sounds similar to dog bark in case of danger.
  • They are very selective about food. They prefer some plants particularly, while they do not eat others.
  • Even though there average life expectancy is 8-10 years, they mostly survive only up to 4 years in nature due to natural predators such as eagles, pumas, jaguars and anacondas.
  • In some regions, capybaras are hunted by humans for their meat.